The Lincoln Highway
National Museum & Archives
102 Old Lincoln Way West
Galion, Ohio 44833

(419) 462-2212 Voice
(419) 462-2214 Fax
(419) 566-0790 Cell

Number 077
E Pluribus Unum
June 8, 2003

Dear Friends,

The third is the "Grand Luminary" Pattern,

or the "Great Star".

While the more common style of horizontal rows was the most popular,

flag designers in the early days
had free rein to arrange the stars however they wished
since Congress did not specify their arrangement until 1942.

This 35 star flag from the Civil War is thought to have flown
at Appomattox Court House in 1865 as evidenced
by the fact that many of the Stars have been signed
by Generals present during General Robert E. Lee's surrender.

Accordingly this "Grand Star" took on a variety of shapes
as an ever increasing number of States were added to the Union

This the 16 star variety from 1800-1810...

The 31 star 14 stripe from 1851-1857...

The 33 star variety from 1859-1861...

The 36 star variety used during the Lincoln Funeral in 1865...

The 38 star from 1876-1888...

And the last Great Star Pattern,
the 48 Star "Whipple" or Peace Flag from 1912.

For more info click here.


But what Ben says is most important,
and the "Guiding Light" behind the
"Grand Luminary" or "Grand Star"
is the idea,
"Out of Many, One"

or perhaps more correctly

"E Pluribus Unum"

The Motto on the
Great Seal
of the
United States of America.

Warmest Regards,

For more on the Motto and the Great Seal click here.


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